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Green electricity

People who are jumpy are said to be scared of their shadows, but maybe it’s their footprints they should be worried about.

Everyone leaves a carbon footprint, which is the total greenhouse gas that is emitted from our everyday activities. Each morning when you drive your car, you’re adding to your footprint. Whenever you fly to take a day trip across the country to do business for the day, you’re adding to your footprint. When you heat your home, you guessed it, you’re adding to your footprint.

One of the biggest causes of greenhouse gas emissions comes from the burning of fossil fuels, which is where green electricity comes in.

Fossil fuels, like oil and coal, are burned to make conventional energy. Since fossil fuels are non-renewable resources, they can’t be replenished as quickly as we use them up. Green electricity is made by using renewable sources, like solar power, wind and water. Green electricity suppliers are trying to make New York, and the rest of the world, a safer place to live and breathe.

Green Electricity Suppliers: Types of Green Energy

Solar

Solar power is simply the process of converting sunlight into electricity. This can happen one of two ways:

Photovoltaic – best known for generating power by using solar cells to convert energy from the sun into electrons, PV uses solar panels made up of PV material and solar cells. When sunlight hits the PV cells, the electrons are released due to the chemical reaction and voila, an electric current is produced. PV was initially developed for the space program.

CSP (concentrated solar power) — this method turns the sun’s heat into a stream that drives an electric generator.

Wind

Wind turbines, windmills and wind pumps are some of the most common ways to turn wind into electricity. A wind turbine for example, converts kinetic energy into mechanical energy. Although you can’t see wind, you can see the impact it has on the environment. As a renewable resource, it’s a limitless source, clean, produces zero greenhouse gas emissions during operation and is widely distributed.

Geothermal

The thermal energy generated and stored within the Earth is called geothermal energy. We’re talking deep down in the Earth – even 4,000 miles down. Like the wind and sun, geothermal power is reliable and environmentally friendly. Unlike the wind and sun, geothermal power is limited to areas near tectonic plates. Even though there are greenhouse gases emitted from the geothermal wells, they are much lower than the gases emitted by the burning of fossil fuels.

Hydropower

Power derived from the force of cascading water is known as hydropower. A dam for example, traps water and then funnels it through turbines, which in turn drive generators. As we know, water is plentiful and a reliable, renewable source.